In the early 19th century, the Paseo de la Castellana was no more than a trough which flowed a stream. However, since the urbanisation of this area of Madrid, it has become one of the most elegant places in the city. In it we can find some of the best hotels in Madrid and some of the most avant-garde constructions. From Plaza de Colon until the Plaza de Castilla, the buildings of the main banks and insurance companies in the country and institutions are as the mythical residence in which lived and Dali, Bunuel and Lorca. They can also find museums such as the natural sciences. However, the most visited building is the Santiago Bernabeu stadium that makes the delights of football, especially for fans of Real Madrid fans. In the Plaza de Castilla are one of the most unique buildings of the city: Torres KIO or Puerta de Europa – that is your name official-forming the entrance to Madrid from the North. Along with the new skyscrapers of the CTBA (Cuatro Torres Business Area) defined the modern Madrid skyline.

The construction of the first skyscrapers tipped the world began in Madrid in 1989. Torres KIO, named after having been promoted by the Kuwait Investments Office company, are a design of the architects Philip Johnson and John Burgee. The construction took seven years to complete due to various economic problems that slowed the works. Caja Madrid was responsible for completing them and, currently, its facilities occupy much of the two buildings. The KIO towers are two moles of glass, granite and metal of 114 meters in height and an inclination of 15 degrees to the vertical. Its construction rests on a central axis of steel and concrete that sustains the entire structure, being much lighter inclined part. To distinguish them from the air, one of them has a helipad painted blue and the other red. The towers are one of the scenarios of the day of the beast, a film directed by alex de la Iglesia, who strove to include them in the film in spite of that he had not yet completed its construction.

After the inauguration of the KIO towers, the Plaza de Castilla was remodelled, creating a bus terminal that connects with the lines going to the North of the city. In the center of the plaza is a monument to Calvo Sotelo, work of the architect Manuel Manzano and sculptor Carlos Ferreira. The skyline of the capital of Spain is not only delimited by its towers and skyscrapers, visible from across the city thanks to the flat profile of the Valley of the River Manzanares, but it also defined some of its main historical buildings such as the Royal Palace, the Almudena Cathedral, the building Spain or the Basilica of San Francisco el Grande. Currently, the tallest building is the Torre Caja Madrid, 250 meters, which is also the highest in Spain. Original author and source of the article.

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